9 ways to have good dental health

We all like to have good-looking, white, strong teeth. But make very little efforts to know how to make it happen. Here are some basic tips to get things going in the right direction for healthy pearly whites.

1. BRUSHING TEETH
– Brush your teeth twice daily, once in morning and night for about 2-3 minutes each time.
– The main objective is to clean up the food particles stuck between the teeth.
– Use a toothbrush, which has smooth, soft or medium bristles.
– Choose a toothpaste over a tooth powder as the latter is corrosive.

2. GUM HEALTH
You may not have a cavity, but what if your teeth start becoming shaky & weak? This is because of weak gums.
– Use your index finger to massage the gums for 2 minutes after you brush your teeth, regularly.
– Rinse your mouth 2-3 times thoroughly immediately after a meal or snacks with normal water to flush out accumulated food particles between your gums & teeth.
– Avoid using toothpicks to remove food particles as this will increase the gaps between your gums & teeth. Use a dental floss or inter dental brush.

3. DIET
The quality and quantity of your food & drinks also determine your dental health.
– Avoid having food or drinks which are too hot or cold.
– Besides chocolates and sweets, any sticky food substances like chips, chats, junk foods also affect your teeth.
– Raw vegetables and fruits are known to reduce the incidence of cavities comparatively.

4. TEETH ALIGNMENT
Irregular, forwardly placed, crowded, spaced teeth etc., not only makes you feel socially withdrawn but also affects your oral health.
– Improper arranged teeth are the result of genetic factors, habits, variations in size of teeth and jaws.
– Habits like thumb sucking, mouth breathing, tongue thrusting should be prevented and corrected early.
– Fixed or removable braces can prevent and correct improper arrangement depending on cases.

5. HABITS
Habits like smoking, chewing pan and tobacco products can affect dental health.
– Smokers have more risk of having gum problems as smoking reduces oxygen supply to the gum cells, thereby reducing the immunity to gum diseases and infections.
– Abnormal wearing of teeth are a result of excessive pan chewing and tobacco products.

6. WHITE TEETH
Various studies have found that the normal color of the teeth is yellowish white. But, yes there may be variations in the degree of whiteness from person to person.
– Having raw vegetables like carrot, cauliflower, fruits like apple, papaya have shown to improve the degree of whiteness.
– Avoid prolonged and excessive force on teeth while brushing, this abrades the enamel layer of the teeth.
– Avoid consuming dark foods, drinks and beverages.
– Using teeth whitening pastes and chewing gums bring little changes.

7. AVOIDING HALITOSIS (BAD BREATH)
– Clean your tongue using a tongue cleaner.
– Visiting a dentist for scaling once in a year almost reduces the problem.
– Use a mouthwash or mouth freshener occasionally.

8. ORAL HEALTH IN KIDS
– It is very important to teach kids to brush teeth twice, massage gums, clean tongue, rinse with water after a meal or snack as it becomes a routine when incorporated early.
– Use brushes and pastes available especially for kids.
– Consulting a dentist to break or correct habits like thumb sucking, mouth breathing etc., as early as possible.

9. LAST AND IN FACT MOST IMPORTANT
Most of us if not everyone think that dental treatments are painful and expensive. So we avoid going to a dentist. We take painkillers, antibiotics without doctors prescribing it, knowing that it may have numerous side effects. But the fact is you could have prevented this condition by a normal dental checkup that would cost less, and more importantly the ease the pain.

WHAT IS THE NECESSITY TO GO FOR A TREATMENT IF IT IS PREVENTED EARLY?

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Dr. Kiran N

Dr. Kiran is a dentist based out of Bangalore. In his spare time, he likes to write about dental health care and ways to improve dental health. He has his clinic where he practices in Hegde Nagar, Bangalore.
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