Carrots are often thought of as the ultimate health food.
Carrots are essentially root veggies belonging to the apeaceae or umbelliferrous circle of relatives, which also includes parsley, parsnip, dill, cumin, and many others. A carrot plant has green leaves and an extended, slender, orange root that is edible. Infant carrots are smooth however in addition they have less flavor due to the fact they are not yet mature.
May 2016 – Scientists have unveiled the gene in carrots that gives rise to carotenoids, a critical source of Vitamin A and the pigment that turns some fruits and vegetables bright orange or red. The new, high-quality genome assembly, which the researchers established for an orange doubled-haploid carrot (Nantes variety), contains more than 32,000 predicted protein-coding genes – more than humans!
These veggies are believed to have originated about 5000 years in the past. In reality, you may be amazed to recognize that carrots used to be purple, black, yellow, white, and in general red in shade, but not orange. They have been first cultivated in Afghanistan, and had purple exteriors with yellow flesh. Bright orange carrots were developed by the Dutch in the middle ages and today, they are the most common ones.
The team studying carrot evolution, traced it back to dinosaur age. Sometime between the cretaceous and Paleogene period – kind of around the time dinosaurs went extinct – carrots, along with other plants of the era, picked up genetic advantages that allowed them to thrive in differing environmental conditions.
Here are some of the top 6 commonly known benefits of carrots:
- Improves eyesight – Carrots are excellent for the eyes. Deficiency of vitamin A can cause some difficulty seeing in dim light. Since carrots are rich in vitamin A, it is good for improving eyesight and preventing conditions like night blindness from developing as we age.
- Prevents heart disease – Carrots contain a variety of antioxidants and polyacetylenes which, together, provide a protective shield to the heart. Studies have shown that the consumption of foods high in carotenoids lowers the risk of heart disease. Besides being extremely rich in beta-carotene, carrots also contain alpha-carotene and lutein. The regular consumption of carrots protects your heart from oxidative damage, plaque formation and bad cholesterol elevation. This is because they contain soluble fibers which bind with bile acids.
- Reduces high blood pressure – Carrots are high in carotenoids that regulate blood sugar. They also contain alkaline elements which purify and revitalize the blood as well as balance the acid-alkaline ratio in the body. The high potassium content in carrots helps in balancing the high levels of sodium associated with hypertension and controls the blood pressure.
- Maintains good digestive health – Carrots, like most vegetables, have significant amounts of dietary fiber in those orange roots, and fiber is one of the most important elements in maintaining good digestive health. Fiber adds bulk to stool, which helps it pass smoothly through the digestive tract, and it also stimulates peristaltic motion and the secretion of gastric juices. Altogether, this reduces the severity of conditions like constipation and protects your colon and stomach from various serious illnesses, including colorectal cancer. Fiber also boosts heart health by helping to eliminate excess LDL cholesterol from the walls of arteries and blood vessels.
- Boosts immune system – Carrots contain a number of antiseptic and antibacterial abilities that make it ideal for boosting the immune system. Not only that, they are a rich source of vitamin C, which stimulates the activity of white blood cells and is one of the most important elements in the human immune system.
- Anti-Ageing Benefit – Carrots also contain Vitamin C that aids the collagen production in the body. Collagen is a type of protein that is vital for the maintenance of the skin elasticity. It helps prevent wrinkles and slows down the process of aging. Vitamin A, being an antioxidant, also attacks the free radicals to prevent the signs of aging like wrinkles, pigmentation and an uneven skin tone.
Latest posts by dilipramadas (see all)
- 10 benefits of Custard Apple (Sitaphala) - December 1, 2017
- How to hold a barbecue party? - September 13, 2017
- Weekend of a Soilprenuer - September 2, 2017
- My Journey as a Soilprenuer and not just as a Soloprenuer - August 25, 2017
- 10 Health Benefits of Organic Honey - August 17, 2017